Search

@legacyofindia

Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

Picture credit: Google Images



Arunachal Pradesh at a Glance


Date of formation
20 January 1972
Chief Minister
Pema Khandu
State Animal
Mithun
State Bird
Hornbill
State Flower
FoxTail Orchid
State Tree
Hollong
Area
83,743 km2
Population
 1,382,611
Rivers
Kameng, Subansiri, siang, Dibang, Lohit
Capital
Itanagar

Introduction to the state ARUNACHAL PRADESH:


Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India. It became a state on 20 January 1972. Its capital is Itanagar. The coordinates of this state are 27 .06° N 93 .37°E. This state is the most north-eastern state of the country and shares the borders with eastern states like Assam and Nagaland. Also the state has international neighbours like Bhutan in the west and from the east Myanmar as well which share borders with it. The McMahon line is the border line between the state and china; separates China from the state. But still China refers a major part of this state as southern Tibet.
Arunachal Pradesh is known as the land of the dawn-lit mountains and Orchid state of India or the paradise of the botanists.  The states of northeast India has given a popular term Seven Sister States; and Arunachal Pradesh is largest among the states of north east region. The area of this state is 83,743 km2 and has got an area rank 15th with the population of 1,382,611. It is the 27th most populated state of India.

Nomenclature:

The word Arunachal is made with the combination of two other words “Arun” and”Achal”. The literal meaning of “Arun” is red sun of the morning whereas the “Achal “means immovable mountains. The meaning of “Pradesh” itself is “the region”.  Arunachal Pradesh is the first place in India from where the sun rises. The Dong Basti and Vijaynagar Basti are the first to receive the first morning rays. Thus Arunachal Pradesh is said to be “the place where the sun rises” in ancient Indian Texts called Aruna Mountains. Also the mountains of this state are mesmerising.

Geography:

The coordinates of this state are 27 .06° N 93 .37°E. Kangte, Nyegi Kangsang, Gorichen peaks are the highest peaks of this Himalayan region situated at 7000 m rise. The major rivers of the region are Kameng, Subansiri, siang, Dibang, Lohit, etc. Eastern Himalayan mountain range starts from the mountain range until Siang River. There is an abundance of forest covers that absorbs the moisture of the rivers and converts them into subsurface flows. The water level increases in summers as ice caps melts down. This state is the most north-eastern state of the country and shares the borders with eastern states like Assam and Nagaland. Also the state has international neighbours like Bhutan in the west and from the east Myanmar as well which share borders with it. The McMahon line is the border line between the state and china; separates China from the state. But still China refers a major part of this state as southern Tibet.
Arunachal Pradesh is known as the land of the dawn-lit mountains and Orchid state of India or the paradise of the botanists.  The states of northeast India has given a popular term Seven Sister States; and Arunachal Pradesh is largest among the states of north east region. The area of this state is 83,743 km2 and has got an area rank 15th with the population of 1,382,611. It is the 27th most populated state of India.
The forest cover of the state is 63,093 km sq. which provides shelter to one third of Himalayan biodiversity. It harbours around 5000 plants, 85 animals’ species, 500 bird’s species, a large no of insects and reptiles in a continuous forest known as Intact Forest Landscapes. Oak, pine, maple, are found in its forests. The state also has Mouling and Namdapha national park.

Religions:

People of this state to a large extent are truly nature worshippers. Some of the people are traditionally Hindus. Some of the groups follow Tibetan Buddhism whereas around 30% of the people are the followers of Christianity.

Census 2011 data:

·         Christian: 418,732 (30.26%)
·         Hindu: 401,876 (29.04%)
·         Others (mostly Donyi-Polo): 362,553 (26.2%)
·         Buddhist: 162,815 (11.76%)
·         Muslim: 27,045 (1.9%)
·         Sikh: 1,865 (0.1%)
·         Jain: 216 (<0.1%)

But, the linguistic heritage of the state is also quite impressive as they have a richest legacy of almost 50 distinct languages. For example, Galo, Abo-tani language, Nyishi, Apatani, Tagin, Bokar, Adi, Padam, Pasi, etc are some regional languages. Several cultures together are the beauty of this state.

Economy:

The GSDP (Gross state Domestic Product) of Arunachal Pradesh was around $706 million in 2004 whereas in 2012 it was $ 1.75 billion. The main source of economy is agriculture. Shifting cultivation is immensely practice in the region known as “jhum” especially among tribes, but still it is not practised as earlier.
Oilseeds, sugarcane, rice, wheat, ginger, millet, pulses, maize, etc. are the major crops of the region. Also the horticulture and fruits are also major source of income. Industries like Processing units, handloom handicraft, rice mills; fruit preservation plays a major role.
Electricity production in Arunachal Pradesh is on a large scale.
Airports, railways and roads are the major transport mediums as there are 5 airports in the state for food transportation. Also there are two highways i.e. NH 52 connecting Jonai and Dirak, and the other highway connects the state to Assam. The other medium of transportation is railways started in late 2013.

Tourism:

Tawang, a village is most popular among tourists for its beautiful Himalayan peaks that create a mystic beauty alluring tourists to visit there. The whole area is surrounded by Himalayan region. Pasighat, oldest town of the state is known for greenery attracts the British more. Also Namdapha national park, sela pass which is known for its scenic beauty and snow, Golden Pagoda- Namsai, Itanagar and many more beautiful places are worth to visit in Arunachal Pradesh. And visiting such places amazes one for the creativity of the Creator.
I bow my head to that Almighty….. For all the precious things he gave us…

Education:

The Educational aspect of the state is slightly underdeveloped, but it is been sharply improved by state government to increase the literacy rate of the region. Main Universities of the state are Rajiv Gandhi University that offers courses like nursing, teaching, health science under private and govt. managements. Himalayan university and Indira Gandhi University also does the same. Jawaharlal Nehru College was the first to establish in 1964. NEFTU established in 2014. National institute of Technology was also established in August 2010. The directorate of technical education conducts examinations yearly, the students who qualify the examination get qualified for higher studies in the other states.
National Assessment and Accreditation council (NAAC) accredits a few institute and grades them. Also trust institutes are run by Buddhists such as Pali Vidyapeetha, in which various scripts are taught along with various typical subjects. A fact is that Chowkham is the largest scripture in the libraries of scriptures.
Also Rajiv Gandhi Government Polytechnic Institute and Tomi Polytechnic Institute established in Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Law academy and college of Horticulture and forestry have also been affiliated to the state’s city Imphal.


No comments:

Post a Comment